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Complex Test
Gait Test
Jump Test
Run Test
Static Test

Balance Front Hop

The test provides a qualitative assessment of a low impact front jump with regards to movement coordination during landing. Qualitative landing mechanics can be a helpful indicator for recovery progression. The test is also helpful in identifying asymmetries and deficits between limbs.


The Balance Front Hop test is a single-legged hop test over a distance of 40 cm on flat surface. It involves 3 consecutive hops each with the left and the right leg. The best hop is evaluated. Hands shall rest on the hips during test execution.

Individual trials are invalid if landing is inside the 40 cm mark, if balance cannot be maintained during the holding phase or if the free foot touches the ground. The test poses concentric and eccentric jump loads on the lower extremities.

The main goal is to land stable and hold the position for 3 seconds.

Test Preparation

  • Place square floor mark on the ground
  • Wear sports clothing and shoes
  • Light meal before testing is acceptable, but not obligatory


1x square floor mark 40 cm side length or tape mark

Applicable Type

Pain in the lower limbs

Swelling or increased surface temperaturen injured structure

Not cleared for lower limb weight bearing

Test Procedure


Prepare for 1st Leg
  • Stand upright on both feet
  • Tip of shoes point at one edge of the floor mark
  • Put your hands on the hips
  • Get on one leg of choice
  • In case of an injury start with your healthy leg


  • Hop on Start


  • Keep your hands on the hips
  • Hop straight over the square floor marker
  • Leave floor marker just behind


  • Land just behind the square floor marker
  • Try to land as balanced as possible


  • Hold single-legged balance over 3 seconds until STOP
  • Keep landing foot entirely on the floor
  • Stay straight & minimize postural movement
  • Do not touch the floor with your free foot


Repeats 1st Leg
  • Get back to the original start position
  • Get on the same leg as before
  • Repeat procedure 2 more times to perform 3 hops in total


Prepare for 2nd Leg
  • Get back to original start position
  • Put your hands on the hips
  • Switch to your opposite leg


2nd Leg Repeats
  • Attend to START instructions
  • Hop straight over the square floor marker
  • Keep your hands on the hips
  • Leave floor marker behind
  • Perform 3 hops in total


  • Get back to original start position and stand still
  • The test is completed on TEST COMPLETED

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