Balance Test

Balance Squat

The test is used to provide a qualitative assessment of neuromuscular control of the lumbo-pelvic complex and knee stability.

Description

The Balance Squat test is a single-legged squat test conducted in the position of single leg stance. It involves 3 consecutive squats each with the left and the right leg. The best squat is evaluated. Hands shall rest on the hip during squats. The test places an advanced proprioceptive demand on the lower body. The goal is to maintain a stable position of the foot, the upper body and the knee during squats.

Test Preparation

Wear sports clothing and shoes

Light meal before testing is acceptable, but not obligatory

Wear sports clothing and shoes

Light meal before testing is acceptable, but not obligatory

Contraindication

Squat movement on both legs not mastered successfully

Increased surface temperature on injured structure

Increased pain in the lower limbs”

Squat movement on both legs not mastered successfully

Increased surface temperature on injured structure

Increased pain in the lower limbs”

Equipment

No equipment needed

Get Test Parameters
Submit for a PDF including all test parameters and descriptions
Applicable Area
Return to Sports

Test Procedure

1

Prepare for 1st Leg
  • Start standing straight on both legs
  • Put your hands on the hips
  • Get on one leg of choice
  • In case of an injury start with your healthy leg
  • Your free leg is stretched out!
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2

Start
  • Hold the position over the countdown
  • Squat on START

3

Squat Down
  • Squat down until your knee is flexed 45°
  • Hands remain on the hips
  • Keep the torso engaged and free leg straight
  • Minimize postural movement
  • Do not touch the floor with your free leg, unless needed for stabilization

4

Mind Body Position
  • Keep your knee centered and behind your toes
  • Do not bend your upper body sideways
  • Upper body remains parallel to tibia in sagital view
  • Left and right thighs stay parallel
  • Stance foot is kept on the ground
  • Ankle joint of your free leg 90°

5

Squat Up
  • Push back up through your heel
  • Engage glutes and quadriceps as you go up

6

Repeats 1st Leg

Repeat 2 times to perform 3 squats in total

7

Prepare for 2nd Leg
  • Get back to original start position
  • Put your hands on the hips
  • Switch to single leg stance with other leg

8

2nd Leg Repeats
  • Attend to start instructions
  • Squat on START
  • Keep your hands on the hips
  • Perform 3 squats in total

9

Stop
  • Get back to original start position and stand still
  • The test is completed on TEST COMPLETED
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10

Optional Input
  • Enter coach-reported outcomes
  • Enter self-reported outcomes
  • Enter notes
  • Assign labels

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