Balance Test

Single Leg Stance Test

The test evaluates postural and balance control capabilities in a one-legged stance.


The Single Leg Stance test is a unilateral, static balance test. It is executed on a flat surface without perturbation and involves holding a balanced standing position over a span of 1 minute, with left and right single leg stance in succession, hands in the hips and eyes open. The goal is to minimize postural movements.

Test Preparation

Wear sports clothing and shoes

Light meal before testing is acceptable, but not obligatory


Increased surface temperature on injured structure

Increased pain in the lower limbs


No equipment needed

Applicable Area
Return to Sports

Test Procedure


Prepare for 1st Leg
  • Start standing straight on both legs
  • Put your hands on your hips
  • Get on one leg of choice
  • In case of an injury start with your healthy leg
  • Raise your free leg about a hand width from the floor


  • Attend to the countdown
  • Start balanced stance on START


Holding Balance
  • Keep balanced stance for 1 minute
  • Hands remain on the hips
  • Keep your torso engaged
  • Minimize postural movement
  • Do not touch the floor with your free leg, unless needed for stabilization


Mind Body Position
  • Keep your knee centered
  • Do not bend your upper body sideways
  • Stance foot is kept on the ground


  • Listen to the countdown while holding balance
  • On STOP, return to two-legged stance


Prepare for 2nd Leg
  • Get back to original start position
  • Put your hands on the hips
  • Switch to single leg stance with other leg


2nd Leg Balance
  • Attend to the countdown
  • Start balanced stance on START
  • Keep your hands on the hips
  • Keep balanced stance for 1 minute


  • Get back to original start position and stand still
  • The test is completed on TEST COMPLETED


Optional Input
  • Enter coach-reported outcomes
  • Enter self-reported outcomes
  • Enter notes
  • Assign labels

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