| 2017

Assymetry of foot pressure for transfemoral amputees during gait in real world

Jeicheong Ryu, Jin-Ho Son, Gyoosuk Kim, Sungjae Kang, Chang-Yong Ko

Rehabilitation Engineering Research Institute of KCOMWEL


amoutee, gait analysis, plantar pressure


INTRODUCTION The prosthetic socket is the most important compartment of the prostheses for transfemoral amputees [1]. Nowadays, the ischial containment socket (ICS) and anatomical socket (ANA) have been widely used as prosthetic socket for transfemoral amputee. Some studies have showed differences of biomechanical features between the sockets, such as range of motion of lower limb. Although transfemoral amputees are characterized by gait asymmetry, there have been few studies that investigated gait asymmetry during a gait in real-world environments. The aim of this study was to assess asymmetry of foot plantar pressure in transfemoral amputees during a gait in real-world environment considering prosthetic sockets (ICS) METHODS Seven male transfemoral amputees (174.1 ± 3.9 cm, 81.4 ± 11.0 kg, 46.0 ± 8.8-year-old, # of ICS: 3, # of ANA: 4) and 10 male healthy young adults (176.9 ± 2.5 cm, 72.3 ± 7.9 kg, 24.4 ± 2.0-year-old) were enrolled. A wearable foot pressure insole sensor was placed in the shoe (OpenGO science, Moticon, Germany). Participants were asked to walk at self-selected velocity in real-world environments that consisted of level, slope, stair and uneven terrain for a distance of about 1.6 km (Figure 1.). Asymmetry of foot plantar pressure and temporal parameters between sound and amputated feet and between left and right feet were calculated. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Figure. 1 shows the comparison of symmetry of plantar pressure. Transfemoral amputees had higher asymmetry as compared with non-amputee participants. Significantly higher asymmetry in ICS was observed, while no significant differences between non-amputee and ANA was shown. Although there was tendency for greater asymmetry of stance phase in transfemoral amputee, (7.3 % in ICS, 6.4 % in ANA) than non-amputees (3 %), no significant differences were observed among groups (p > 0.05). Significantly larger asymmetry of double stance phase was observed in transfemoral amputees (p 0.05). These results indicate that asymmetry in transfemoral amputees during walking in real-world environments is larger than for non-amputees. Furthermore, the tranfemoral socket types appear to affect the magnitude of asymmetry. In this study, only a few trasnfemoral amputees were involved which will have impacted the statistical power. Further studies with more subjects are needed. Figure 1: Terrains on real environment and comparison of symmetry of plantar pressure, *: p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS In this study, the asymmetry between sound and amputated limb in transfemoral amputees during walking in real-world environments was evaluated. We confirmed a higher asymmetry in transfemoral amputees. Furthermore, socket type affected the asymmetry. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was supported by the Industrial Strategic Technology Development Program (No.10048732, Development of Smart Musculoskeleton Substitution Device for Functional Recovery and Assistance of Lower Lim) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy(MI, Korea)

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